spartina alterniflora scientific name

Spartina anglica. By 2017, the width of S. alterniflora was 1.88 km, the length was 12.90 km and the area was 3,925 ha. any name or code. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Spartina alterniflora was introduced to the Yancheng coastal intertidal zone in 1979 (Xu et al., 1989), and a continuous area of S. alterniflora has formed since 2000. The leaves of the marshhay and gulf cordgrasses are usually rolled inward. Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Invasive Species: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Loisel. New plants can grow from the outstretched rhizomes, eventually forming large patches. It also has been reported in Jefferson, Kitsap, and Mason Counties, and small populations were recently located near the mouth of the Columbia River. Nursery Availability Rhizomes, a type of underground stem, spread outwards from a cordgrass plant in all directions. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. (Poaceae) alterniflora Loisel. Much to our surprise, Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus alterniflorus. Scientific Name: Spartina Schreber. Spartina Schreb. Find records where . A planthopper (prokelisia marginata), was released in Washington in 2000 as a biological control agent for smooth cordgrass and it has significantly reduced seed survival at some sites. Seedlings can be hand pulled or covered with a geotextile fabric. on. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers. Location Status Classification. Also the leaves of the gulf cordgrasses are stiff and very pointy. « Back to Records. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. – cordgrass. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Those classifications were largely based on visible features of plants, where species were grouped together … It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The word Spartina is derived from σπαρτίνη (spartínē), the Greek word for a cord made from Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Habitat. 1916. In a presentation at the N.C. Museum of Natural Sciences Nature Research Center in Raleigh, North Carolina, I cited a new Latin binomial, Sporobolus alterniflorus, for our well-known smooth cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora. Name Authority; Spartina alterniflora var. Mowing spartina repeatedly also has reduced larger infestations. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. var. Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass) 1-8 ft August - October Scirpus ... Scientific name Annotated ... Common name Plant height Blooming period This basic field guide illustrates the most common plants in Virginia’s tidal salt marshes where the salinity range is between 10-25 ppt. ex Bigelow) Fernald: SPALP: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! Inspired by colorful Daufuskie Island, South Carolina, Spartina 449 is carried in more than 1,500 specialty retail and boutique shops nationwide and abroad. As of 2011, species include: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Search. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Clumps of cordgrass or seeds can break off and wash across bays and root in new areas. var. Spartina alterniflora var. The name change won't grow very easily on the millions of coastal residents for whom "spartina" has become synonymous with Southeastern coastal life. Spartina alterniflora. ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. But how well did we really know our plant friend when we didn’t even have its name right? Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. – smooth cordgrass – Atlantic coasts of North and South America, West Indies For comments, suggestions or to report errors: [email protected], Emergent vegetation, grass; found in the intertidal zone; leaves wider than other. Species. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. (Gramineae). ), or other grasses like saltgrass (distichlis spicata), tufted hairgrass (deschampsia caespitosa), or American dunegrass (leymus mollis). Within Order, scientific names are presented ... Spartina alterniflora Smooth cordgrass Spartina patens Salt-marsh hay Spartinaspp. Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters from the East Coast or as packing material in ships’ cargo. Created by Brenda Bowling, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. The Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board has listed spartina as a Class A noxious weed. Species. … Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Pop the word in … It since has spread, vigorously colonizing intertidal saltwater areas as well as the perimeters of freshwater areas. scientific name or synonym equals "Spartina alterniflora" ... Searching For: scientific name or synonym equals "Spartina alterniflora" Refine Search: Hide. Class: Monocotyledonae. Natural range. smooth cordgrass. on. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Do not purchase, plant, or trade this species. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Spartina glabra var. Higher taxon. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Copyright 2012-2020. Preferred name: Spartina alterniflora ; Authority: Loiseleur ; Notes. Poaceae, Poales, Liliopsida, Magnoliophyta. Spartina may resemble native sedges (carex spp. Common Names. off. There are no related plants for species Spartina alterniflora. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. off. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Joseph BiTomaso, University of California – Davis, Bugwood.org, Wendy Brown, Department of Natural Resources, Leaves have flat blades and can be 1/4 to 3/5 inch wide and 12 to 20 inches long, Ligules, the outgrowth from the sheath of the leaf blade, consist of a fringe of hairs, Flowers grow from 4 to 16 inches tall and about 1/3 to 1 inch wide, each made up of 5 to 30 flowering spikes. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. The PRISM system is currently down. Scientific Name; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. Cordgrass is in parts in Puget Sound, Grays Harbor, and Willapa Bay. Other scientific names. Scientific names are presented in taxonomic groupings to the Order, except for the Monera and Fungi, which are presented only by Phylum. Eastern North America, Caribbean islands, eastern South America. Common Name Smooth Cordgrass Group Monocotyledon Family Poaceae (Gramineae) Wetland Indicator Category OBL Growth Form Rhizomatous perennial grass with robust aerial stems, forming dense colonies Habitat Saline or brackish marshes. 5 In areas of Washington, such as Padilla Bay, S. alterniflora appears to grow at lower tidal elevations than native salt marsh species; no other plants are found on the seaward side of S. alterniflora (Balthuis and Scott 1993; Wiggins and Binney 1987).Spartina usually occurs in a single species stand, although there can be community overlap at the edge of some salt marshes (No picture) Common names. Seed and flower heads are the most reliable way to distinguish between different species of grasses. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Summary of Invasiveness. Official website for Spartina 449, an upscale women’s handbag and accessory company, featuring linen and leather handbags, accessories, jewelry and more. Cordgrass reduces open mud feeding habitats of shorebirds, competes with indigenous salt marsh vegetation, and alters the hydrology, structure, and function of wetlands. Related Plants. This grass out competes native plant species, including rare and endangered plant species, reducing marsh biodiversity and ecology functions. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. WSSA list of weeds in North America. [web application]. Fernald: SPAL8: Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) common cordgrass. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Ecosystems. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Saltmarsh cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass, smooth cordgrass. Spartina glabra As such, it is no surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on in Coastal South Carolina. is similar to:...Add additional search terms. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." 2020. Scientific Name. Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. Yes. Importantly, Spartina is one of a small handful of species that is known by its scientific name to the general public who live along coastlines around the world. pilosa (Merr.) BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. alterniflora : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina glabra var. Saltwater to brackish marshes in intertidal zone. In its native range, it is beloved by environmentalists. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Distinctive features: Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is a perennial, spreading grass from one foot tall in spring to six or eight feet tall in fall. Subordinate Taxa. Diking may be used as a way to confine the lateral spread of rhizomes. Grasses like spartina have hollow stems that distinguish them from sedges. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. P.M. Peterson & Saarela Spartina alterniflora. Find out how. Attendees met the citation with expressions of surprise, angst, disappointment, disgust and disbelief. Flower Info; Sightings; Once established, controlling and managing cordgrass is extremely difficult and expensive. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Spartina alterniflora : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Journal/Book Name, Vol. No. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . : Page(s): ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . glabra (Muhl. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora : Common Name: Smooth Cordgrass: Plant Type: Deciduous: Height: 2- 5 feet: Spread: 2 -3 feet: Bloom time: Summer: Light Exposure: The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Clumps called ‘ clones ’ and are bright green in color and spartina alterniflora scientific name Department source... Eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California outwards from cordgrass! Control Board has listed Spartina as a Class a Noxious Weed can grow from the outstretched,... 2-4 ft. ( 0.6-1.2 m ) tall taxonomic information clones ’ and are bright green in color from.! Met the citation with expressions of surprise, angst, disappointment, disgust disbelief... 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