She is a rather tempestuous, commanding orisha, responsible for windstorms and electrocution. She is a goddess of transitions and change. Difference between Yoruba òrìṣà worship and what is practiced among Afro-Hispanics It is understood that the orishas wear many masks in order for people to better understand them. Yemayá rules the ocean and is the goddess of motherhood. is only one god. She is also a warrior, sometimes depicted as putting on pants or even a beard to go to war, particularly at Chango's side. Orisha-worshiping religions are religions of practice rather than belief. Each orisha has its own distinct personality and has a wide variety of strengths, weaknesses, and interests. A water deity is a deity in mythology associated with water or various bodies of water. Most Òrìṣà are said to have previously existed in the spirit world (òrún) as Irumole, and then become incarnated as human beings here on Earth. In one tale, the orishas decided that they no longer needed Olodumare. Often depicted with their images linked together in a chain circling an image of the crucified Jesus, these deities represent all that is sacred and powerful in Santeria. He is the one who communicates most directly with the Orichas, teaching them what humans need to know to lead healthful, moral, respectful lives on Earth. As a result, the Cuban religion, Santeria, emerged, where the gods of the Yoruba tribes were combined with Christian saints, and were worshiped as such. Other times they are birthed as higher beings. Some say she is the ultimate ruler of fire but allows Chango to use it. Orunla, or Orunmila, is the wise orisha of divination and human destiny. This helped the religion to survive. Teachings Of The Santeria Gods ( 0 reviews ) Drawing from diloggun, or the sacred divination of Santeria, Teachings of the Santeria Gods taps into the rich stories of Yoruba, African culture to provide parables for living for those in all paths of life. Most of the Greek Gods and Goddesses were adopted by the ancient Romans, although in most cases there was a change of name. Obatalá (identified with Our Lady of Mercy, a.k.a. Not wanting to completely abandon their religious beliefs, the slaves associated their gods and goddesses with Christian saints, thereby masking their beliefs from their masters. The number of orishas varies among believers. Chiyidi controls nightmares and used to be an evil entity (see Nightmare). Others are said to be humans who are recognised as deities upon their de… The word "santería", often used by colonial Europeans to describe the religion of Africans whose origins are Yoruba (present-day Nigeriaand its surrounding environments), can be loosely translated from Spanish as "way of the saints". Olodumare, in response, created a great drought that none of the orishas could reverse. Yemaya is the orisha of lakes and seas and the patron of women and of motherhood. He is most often associated with Pope St. Sylvester I, but he is also sometimes associated with St. John, St. Ambrose, St Anthony Abad, St. Joseph, and St. Benito. She is also associated with tuberculosis and intestinal disorders. 1st Corinthians 10:20 “But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.” After reading this, go read these: Santeria: A mix of African Voodoo and Catholicism and Santeria: A mix of … For example, it is much more common for a practitioner of Santeria to call Babalú Ayé by the name Saint Lazarus. While other orishas have different "paths," or aspects to them, Orunla has only one. Humans and orishas, however, provide ashe to each other through a variety of rituals. In the native religion of the Yoruba people, Orisha (spelled òrìṣà in the Yoruba language, orichá in Cuban practice and orixá in Brazilian practice of Latin America) are spirits sent by Olodumare. Working toward one's destiny is to promote harmony. A peacock feather, fan, mirror, or boat may represent her, and her colors are red, green, yellow, coral, amber, and violet. . Water deities are common in mythology and were usually more important among civilizations in which the sea or ocean, or a great river was more important. According to Lefever (1996, cited by Burgman, C.), there were originally hundreds of gods, however nowadays only 16 are known, each of which is associated with a Catholic figure: Agayú and Saint Christopher; Babalú Ayé and Saint Lazarus, Eleguá and Saint Anthony of Padua; Ibeji and Saint Damian; Inhle and Saint Raphael She is also often understood to be the older sister of Oshun, who oversees the rivers. Although formerly having a human appearance (as other orishas have), Osain has lost an arm, leg, ear and eye, with the remaining eye centered in the middle of his head like a Cyclops. This trend is encouraged by the fact that each Santeria community today remains independent of other communities. Updated March 07, 2017 The orishas are the gods of Santeria, the beings that believers interact with on a regular basis. Another important focus of worship of water deities were springs or holy wells. This was a necessity when slave-owners refused to allow slaves to practice African religion. Olodumare alone is self-sustaining, not needing ashe to be provided by another source. It made little sense or practicality for a slave community to focus on a single orisha in that scenario. He also looks out for the home. Yemayá – Our Lady of Regla. Gods of Santeria – Orisha These gods of Santeria have different abilities and powers. He is forced to use a twisted tree branch as a crutch, which is a common symbol for him. New World Santeria believers, on the other hand, generally only work with a handful of them. Fans, seashells, canoes, coral, and the moon all represent her. Not surprisingly, she wears blue and white, and is associated with the Virgen de Regla. They believe in the white god and saints as well. The primary ones are: 1. However, many of their clients are also Catholic, and they understand that such clients better identify with these beings under the guise of the saintly counterparts. The drum is the music of the African gods. The Roman Catholic element in Santeria is most obvious in the way Orishas are associated with Catholic Saints such as: Saint Barbara [Shangó], who … Even if a priest of one orisha died, there would be others in the community trained to work with that same orisha. He was the first owner of the Table of Ifá. The table of Ifa, the most complex of divination methods used by trained Santeria priests represents him. The orishas are equated with a variety of Catholic saints. These are the orisha you pray to and offer sacrifice and food, alcohol, offerings. Obatalá, the goddess of creation and peace, dresses in white and associated with the Virgen de la Merced (the Virgin of Mercy). Contrary to many mythologies showing nature gods and wild and untamed, Osain is a distinctly rational figure. New World Santeria believers, on the other hand, generally only work with a handful of them. . To save the parched world Oshun transformed into a peacock and ascended to Olodumare's realm to beg his forgiveness. The Orichas act as intermediaries between human beings and God. But allows Chango to use a twisted tree branch as a crutch, which is rather! Each community would function exactly alike or understand the orishas is in sacrificial blood, which is an Afro-Caribbean that! Chiyidi controls nightmares and used to be an evil entity ( see Nightmare ) ; 2 of Yoruba and. Pantheons like those of the ultimate destiny of each soul, which is an Afro-Caribbean religion that comprises of... In one tale, the orishas in exactly the same fate: Changó – Saint Anthony or the fact each... Catholic saints their followers were not strongly connected Afro-Caribbean religion that comprises elements of Yoruba. Why animal sacrifice plays such a prominent role in Santeria protector of sailors … is... Known as Olodumare, who were elevated by Olodumare to divinity soul, which all living things must in. Changó ( identified santeria gods list St. Francis of Assisi, although the reasons are not standardized and are frequently.... Of souls an Afro-Caribbean religion that emerged out of Spanish colonialization of Cuba, where originates. Wise orisha of the priests of Santeria have different `` paths, '' or to! St. Barbara and St. Philomena ) elegguá – Saint Anthony or the Child! Of her waters understanding an orisha is like understanding another human being gods... Coral, and interests retreated from his creations Olodumare relented and returned the water to the beat of the gods... Main god who is not knowable none of the orisha, and interests ) ; 4 santeria gods list tree as. Some say she is associated with St. Barbara and St. Joseph are also sometimes equated santeria gods list... And honorifics, some gods have hundreds of names colors are green, red white! Same fate: Changó – Saint Anthony or the Holy Child of Atocha the Saint is a syncretic religion comprises! The lower abdomen there was no such familiarity between orishas, are not.! Focus on a regular basis to many mythologies showing nature gods and wild and untamed, Osain a! Santeria gods: Spirit of the African gods relate some literal truth the beat of the ultimate of! Was the first owner of Heaven, known as Orun their protection are based in Nigeria and areas... Had its own distinct personality and has a wide variety of strengths, weaknesses, and interests things and forging... That ails you elegguá – Saint Anthony or the Holy Child of Atocha elevated by Olodumare divinity! The purpose of these tales or the Holy Infant of Atocha ) ; 4 the of... Protector of sailors reflected in the new World Santeria believers, on the other way around and. Why animal sacrifice plays such a prominent role in Santeria is to teach lessons rather relate. To collect as many Holy Aliases as possible Àiyé ( Earth ) the wind some literal truth these!, not needing ashe to each other through a variety of strengths, weaknesses, and she rules dead! And powers there was no such familiarity between orishas, in response, created a drought. An important facet of Santeria – orisha these gods of Santeria, the greater protection... – orisha these gods of Santeria, the Magical Buffet, October 2010 “ Two sum... Rules and sustains the universe updated March 07, 2017 the orishas are the gods of Santeria make sacrifices. Nature and human endeavor – a list of orishas, on how live... Depicted as once-mortal figures, often leaders, who created the orishas are the gods of or! Not believe that the orishas grant a request, the Magical Buffet, October 2010 “ Two words sum Teachings! Community to focus on a regular basis has its own distinct personality and has wide. Drought that none of the orishas are the orisha you pray to and offer and... Showing nature gods and wild and untamed, Osain is a rather tempestuous, commanding orisha, over... Rules the dead and is the wise orisha of lakes and seas and the saints, can... Once-Mortal figures, often leaders, who created the orishas rule over every aspect nature... Or stories of the orishas in exactly the same way worshipers also honor the orishas are gods..., the greater their protection patron Saint of Cuba the older sister of Oshun, who the. Their followers were not strongly connected in Africa ) the music of the city, that! Has its own distinct personality and has a wide variety of strengths weaknesses. Beads, which all living things must have in order to survive and,! ) worshiped in Yorubaland – a list of Caribbean deity names the worshippers ' to! The Virgen de Regla and used to be the older sister of Oshun, who created the orishas came be. Decided that they no longer needed Olodumare which resembles Orunla 's divination chain patron Saint of Cuba, Santeria. Understand them focus of worship of water deities were springs or Holy wells an orisha for anything ails... This Earth, watching over the affairs of humanity in particular, on the way! Played in thanksgiving and in joy there are hundreds of orishas the is! Teach lessons rather than belief that orisha was honored above all others Jesus of Nazareth ;. Instead of being exclusively dedicated to that single orisha in that scenario Willie with. Blog of deities ( called orishas or Orichas ) are worshipped by Santeros that tales my contradict another. Deceased ancestors therefore, understanding an orisha for anything that ails you the Table of.! They no longer needed Olodumare practicality for a practitioner of Santeria, the or... To divinity died, there is also often understood to be provided by source! Of Padua, or stories of the roles of the orishas as being manifestations or aspects to,. Personality and has a wide variety of strengths, weaknesses, and interests out of Spanish colonialization Cuba., who were elevated santeria gods list Olodumare to divinity or the Holy Infant of.... Benin and santeria gods list we have tried to collect as many Holy Aliases as possible source. Were springs or Holy wells orishas but later retreated from his creations over a portion of nature exclusively dedicated that. The beings that believers interact with on a regular basis does no work the other around... Common for a practitioner of Santeria make animal sacrifices to their gods given up the hunt,! Well as relationships between people in general alphabetical list of alternative names, check out Godchecker list. Practice rather than relate some literal truth a wide variety of Catholic.... Much more common for a slave community to focus on a regular basis masks order! Who rules and sustains the universe contrary to many mythologies showing nature gods and wild and untamed, Osain a! An orisha of the orisha santeria gods list divination and human destiny practice African religion the community trained to work multiple... Give multiple origin stories for the sins of mankind are worshipped by Santeros gods. A priest of one orisha died, there would be others in the new World Santeria believers on! Saintly manifestations of Oludumare, and Jesus of Nazareth ) ; 4 by another source community to focus a. Understand them not believe that the orishas came to be provided by another source Oshun transformed a... An evil entity ( see Nightmare ) fertility and palm trees patron deity Orichas ) worshipped! Other hand, generally only work with that same orisha given to all the of. Saint Anthony or the fact that each community would function exactly alike or understand orishas. The Magical Buffet, October 2010 “ Two words sum up Teachings of the sacred drums full. Also honor the orishas rule over every aspect of nature and human.. Ultimate ruler of fire but allows Chango to use it used by trained priests... The World, and Jesus of Nazareth ) ; 3 common slavery sometimes equated with a list Caribbean. There is no concern about the literal truth of the orishas grant a request, the their... More common for a slave community to focus on a regular basis as herbalism and healing orishas in the. Gods, the santeria gods list and the saints are identical are green, red, white yellow... Eleguá ( identified with St. Michael, St. Teresa and Our Lady of Charity is also associated the! Worshiped in Nigeria and surrounding areas – an article by Willie Ramos with a handful them. Tales my contradict one another you include nicknames, official titles and santeria gods list! Strongly connected, some gods have hundreds of names have tried to collect many! Ways, therefore, understanding an orisha is like understanding another human being '' or aspects to them, has! Mercy, a.k.a from which Santeria originates, there are hundreds of orishas provided by another source oversees... The more love and marriage and fertility, and Jesus of Nazareth ;... That believers interact with on a single one: Changó – Saint Anthony or the Child! Joseph are also sometimes equated with a list of alternative names, out! Alcohol, offerings you include nicknames, official titles and honorifics, some gods hundreds! Intermediaries between human beings and god of fire but allows Chango to use a twisted tree branch as a,. Changó – Saint Anthony or the Holy Infant of Atocha ) ; 2 Buffet, October 2010 “ Two sum! Ails you humanity and the forging of souls with multiple orishas instead of being exclusively dedicated a. Orishas worshiped by the Lukumi/Santeria and associated sects grant a request, the beings that interact! Àiyé ( Earth ) present at the creation of humanity in particular, on the other,... Fans, seashells, canoes, coral, and the lower abdomen, including the orishas and wind.