santeria gods list

She is a rather tempestuous, commanding orisha, responsible for windstorms and electrocution. She is a goddess of transitions and change. Difference between Yoruba òrìṣà worship and what is practiced among Afro-Hispanics It is understood that the orishas wear many masks in order for people to better understand them. Yemayá rules the ocean and is the goddess of motherhood. is only one god. She is also a warrior, sometimes depicted as putting on pants or even a beard to go to war, particularly at Chango's side. Orisha-worshiping religions are religions of practice rather than belief. Each orisha has its own distinct personality and has a wide variety of strengths, weaknesses, and interests. A water deity is a deity in mythology associated with water or various bodies of water. Most Òrìṣà are said to have previously existed in the spirit world (òrún) as Irumole, and then become incarnated as human beings here on Earth. In one tale, the orishas decided that they no longer needed Olodumare. Often depicted with their images linked together in a chain circling an image of the crucified Jesus, these deities represent all that is sacred and powerful in Santeria. He is the one who communicates most directly with the Orichas, teaching them what humans need to know to lead healthful, moral, respectful lives on Earth. As a result, the Cuban religion, Santeria, emerged, where the gods of the Yoruba tribes were combined with Christian saints, and were worshiped as such. Other times they are birthed as higher beings. Some say she is the ultimate ruler of fire but allows Chango to use it. Orunla, or Orunmila, is the wise orisha of divination and human destiny. This helped the religion to survive. Teachings Of The Santeria Gods ( 0 reviews ) Drawing from diloggun, or the sacred divination of Santeria, Teachings of the Santeria Gods taps into the rich stories of Yoruba, African culture to provide parables for living for those in all paths of life. Most of the Greek Gods and Goddesses were adopted by the ancient Romans, although in most cases there was a change of name. Obatalá (identified with Our Lady of Mercy, a.k.a. Not wanting to completely abandon their religious beliefs, the slaves associated their gods and goddesses with Christian saints, thereby masking their beliefs from their masters. The number of orishas varies among believers. Chiyidi controls nightmares and used to be an evil entity (see Nightmare). Others are said to be humans who are recognised as deities upon their de… The word "santería", often used by colonial Europeans to describe the religion of Africans whose origins are Yoruba (present-day Nigeriaand its surrounding environments), can be loosely translated from Spanish as "way of the saints". Olodumare, in response, created a great drought that none of the orishas could reverse. Yemaya is the orisha of lakes and seas and the patron of women and of motherhood. He is most often associated with Pope St. Sylvester I, but he is also sometimes associated with St. John, St. Ambrose, St Anthony Abad, St. Joseph, and St. Benito. She is also associated with tuberculosis and intestinal disorders. 1st Corinthians 10:20 “But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.” After reading this, go read these: Santeria: A mix of African Voodoo and Catholicism and Santeria: A mix of … For example, it is much more common for a practitioner of Santeria to call Babalú Ayé by the name Saint Lazarus. While other orishas have different "paths," or aspects to them, Orunla has only one. Humans and orishas, however, provide ashe to each other through a variety of rituals. In the native religion of the Yoruba people, Orisha (spelled òrìṣà in the Yoruba language, orichá in Cuban practice and orixá in Brazilian practice of Latin America) are spirits sent by Olodumare. Working toward one's destiny is to promote harmony. A peacock feather, fan, mirror, or boat may represent her, and her colors are red, green, yellow, coral, amber, and violet. . Water deities are common in mythology and were usually more important among civilizations in which the sea or ocean, or a great river was more important. According to Lefever (1996, cited by Burgman, C.), there were originally hundreds of gods, however nowadays only 16 are known, each of which is associated with a Catholic figure: Agayú and Saint Christopher; Babalú Ayé and Saint Lazarus, Eleguá and Saint Anthony of Padua; Ibeji and Saint Damian; Inhle and Saint Raphael She is also often understood to be the older sister of Oshun, who oversees the rivers. Although formerly having a human appearance (as other orishas have), Osain has lost an arm, leg, ear and eye, with the remaining eye centered in the middle of his head like a Cyclops. This trend is encouraged by the fact that each Santeria community today remains independent of other communities. Updated March 07, 2017 The orishas are the gods of Santeria, the beings that believers interact with on a regular basis. Another important focus of worship of water deities were springs or holy wells. This was a necessity when slave-owners refused to allow slaves to practice African religion. Olodumare alone is self-sustaining, not needing ashe to be provided by another source. It made little sense or practicality for a slave community to focus on a single orisha in that scenario. He also looks out for the home. Yemayá – Our Lady of Regla. Gods of Santeria – Orisha These gods of Santeria have different abilities and powers. He is forced to use a twisted tree branch as a crutch, which is a common symbol for him. New World Santeria believers, on the other hand, generally only work with a handful of them. Fans, seashells, canoes, coral, and the moon all represent her. Not surprisingly, she wears blue and white, and is associated with the Virgen de Regla. They believe in the white god and saints as well. The primary ones are: 1. However, many of their clients are also Catholic, and they understand that such clients better identify with these beings under the guise of the saintly counterparts. The drum is the music of the African gods. The Roman Catholic element in Santeria is most obvious in the way Orishas are associated with Catholic Saints such as: Saint Barbara [Shangó], who … Even if a priest of one orisha died, there would be others in the community trained to work with that same orisha. He was the first owner of the Table of Ifá. The table of Ifa, the most complex of divination methods used by trained Santeria priests represents him. The orishas are equated with a variety of Catholic saints. These are the orisha you pray to and offer sacrifice and food, alcohol, offerings. Obatalá, the goddess of creation and peace, dresses in white and associated with the Virgen de la Merced (the Virgin of Mercy). Contrary to many mythologies showing nature gods and wild and untamed, Osain is a distinctly rational figure. New World Santeria believers, on the other hand, generally only work with a handful of them. . To save the parched world Oshun transformed into a peacock and ascended to Olodumare's realm to beg his forgiveness. The Orichas act as intermediaries between human beings and God. But allows Chango to use a twisted tree branch as a crutch, which is rather! Each community would function exactly alike or understand the orishas is in sacrificial blood, which is an Afro-Caribbean that! Chiyidi controls nightmares and used to be an evil entity ( see Nightmare ) ; 2 of Yoruba and. Pantheons like those of the ultimate destiny of each soul, which is an Afro-Caribbean religion that comprises of... In one tale, the orishas in exactly the same fate: Changó – Saint Anthony or the fact each... 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